Archon apollinus (False Apollo, Osterluzei-Apollo)

Archon apollinus, also called False Apollo or Osterluzei-Apollo is a very nice butterfly from Palaearctic ecozone (Asia). The first description was in 1789 by Herbst. With a wingspan of 4.5 – 5.5 cm the False Apollo is a small member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The wings are transparent and whitish with black, red and blue spots.

Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Mario Maier ([email protected])
Photo © by Mario Maier ([email protected])

These are nice photos of Archon apollinus (False Apollo, Osterluzei-Apollo). Archon apollinus is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Palaearctic (Asia).


The forewings are transparent and marmorate in whitish and black. On the wing leading edge there are two big black spots. There is a chain of little black spots at the margin. Between the chain of black spots and the big black spots there are some little red spots.
The underside is a copy of upside.

The hind wings are white to yellowish and partly transparent. There is a dark and hairy area around the body. There is a chain of big black spots going backwards with  blue cores and red eyeshadows.
The underside is whitish and a copy of upside, but there are some differences. There are no blue spots.

The body is a copy of upside.

Sex differences: The male is more pallid than the female.


The False Apollo (Archon apollinus) is a common butterfly of the Palaearctic ecozone (Europe and Asia). The distribution extend from Greece to Turkey and from Turkey to Iran.

This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Flight period

The flight period of the False Apollo is from March to April.

Larval food


General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1789 by Herbst. There are no subspecies, but the number and position of the red spots are variable.

The caterpillar is brown and black with many orange and thorny warts. The pupa has a silken girdl. This species overwinters as pupa.

Photo © by Mario Maier ([email protected])

Here you can see the underside of False Apollo.

Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Archon apollinaris [Staudinger, 1892]

Parnassius mnemosyne [Linnaeus, 1758] (Clouded Apollo, Schwarzer Apollo, Le semi-apollon)

Scientific name

Archon apollinus Herbst 1789


 False Apollo

Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To the family tree (Genus: ARCHON)...





To the top

Back to the family Papilionidae from PALAEARCTIC (ASIA)


Apatura iris
Inachis io
Nymphalis antiopa
Apatura iris
Vanessa atalanta
Papilio machaon
Pierides sp.
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