Graphium colonna (Black Swordtail)
Graphium colonna, also called Black Swordtail is a . The first description was in 1873 by Ward. The wingspan is about 8 – 9 cm. Graphium colonnais a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is darkbrown or black. Many yellowish spots and stripes dominate the wings. The hind wings have long tails.
Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are darkbrown or black. At the front edge there are some yellowish stripes. At the outer edge there are two chains of yellowish spots.
The underside of Graphium colonna is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is brown.
The hind wings of Graphium colonna are black and they have long tails. The edge is wavy. Next to the body there are two yellowish stripes. At the outer edge there is a chain of little, yellowish spots. At the inner edge there are two red spots.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, there are additional red stripes.
The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax and the head are black. The underside of all parts is yellowish.
Sex differences: ---
- Annona sp.
- Artabotrys monteiroae
- Monodora sp.
- Uvaria caffra
The first description of this butterfly was in 1873 by Ward. There are no subspecies.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Graphium colonna Ward 1873
Black Swordtail, Mamba Swordtail
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamilie: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: LEPTOCIRCINI
- Genus: GRAPHIUM
- Specific name: COLONNA