Graphium epaminondas is a butterfly from . The first description was in 1879 by Oberthür. The wingspan is about 7 – 8 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of Graphium epaminondas is white or yellowish. Some black bars dominate the fore wing.
Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are two coloured. The inner part of the wing is white or yellowish and contains four black bars. The outer part of the wing is black and contains two yellowish stripes.
The underside of Graphium epaminondas is very similar to the upside. But, the outer part of the wing is dark-brown.
The hind wings of Graphium epaminondas are two coloured and they have long tails. The edge is wavy. The inner part of the wing is white or yellowish and contains two black bars. Some black spots from the underside shine through the wing. The outer part of the wing is brown and contains a chain of black spots. At the inner edge there is a black-orange eye-spot.
The underside is white or yellowish. The inner part of the wing contains three black bars and one chain of black spots. The outer part of the wing contains a chain of black-orange spots. The outer edge is black.
The body (abdomen) is black and white. The thorax and the head are also black and white. The underside of all parts is yellowish.
Sex differences: ---
- Uvaria rufa
The first description of this butterfly was in 1879 by Oberthür. There are no subspecies.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-no entry- (as at 14.10.2010)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
-no entry- (as at 12.08.2010)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-no entry- (as at 2010) (see: www. redlist.org/)
Similar and closely-related species
Graphium epaminondas Oberthür 1879
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamilie: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: LEPTOCIRCINI
- Genus: GRAPHIUM
- Specific name: EPAMINONDAS