Ornithoptera meridionalis is a
Photos for easy identification
Here you can see some photos of Ornithoptera meridionalis (male above / female below). Ornithoptera meridionalis is a member of the
The fore wings are black. Next to the wing leading edge there is a green stripe. In the middle of the wing there is a large, green band.
The underside of Ornithoptera meridionalis is green. The wing tip and the veins are black. Next to the wing tip there is a big black spot.
The hind wings of Ornithoptera meridionalis are tiny, golden and have thin tails. The inner edge is black. The outer edge and the veins are green.
The underside nearly is a copy of upside. But, the inner edge is green and hairy.
The body (abdomen) is yellow. Head and thorax are black and green. The underside of thorax has a red hair-coat.
Sex differences: The female covers the upper range of the wing-span. It is significant-larger than the male. The basic colour of the female is dark-brown. Two groups of white spots dominate the fore wing. On the hind wings there is a big white area. The outer edge of the white area is yellow. Between the white part and the yellow part there is a chain of black spots. The underside is a copy from upside, but all colours are stronger.
Ornithoptera meridionalis is a butterfly from the Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia) ecozone. The distribution is restricted on New Guinea and other islands in the neighbourhood.
The first description of this butterfly was in 1897 by Rothschild. There is only one subspecies.
- Ornithoptera meridionalis tarunggarensis [Joicey & Talbot, 1927]
Ornithoptera meridionalis is one of the smallest birdwings. This butterfly is strictly protected. It is listed in the appendix II from CITES.
Here you can see some macro photos of Ornithoptera meridionalis.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-Appendix II- (as at 12.02.2008)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora:
-Appendix B- (as at 19.08.2005)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-endangered, protected- (as at 2008)
Similar and closely-related species
Ornithoptera meridionalis Rothschild 1897
(in past: Troides meridionalis)
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: TROIDINI
- Genus: ORNITHOPTERA
- Specific name: MERIDIONALIS