Pachliopta aristolochiae (Common Rose)

Pachliopta aristolochiae, also called Common Rose is a very nice butterfly from Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The first description was in 1775 by Fabricius. With a wingspan of 9.0 – 10.0 cm the Common Rose is a small member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The butterfly is black with white and red spots. Hind wings have tails. Common Rose is a good exemplar for sexual dimorphism.

Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer

These are nice photos of Pachliopta aristolochiae (Common Rose) (female). Pachliopta aristolochiae is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia).


The forewings are black, but in large part whitish with black veins.
The underside is a copy of upside.

The hind wings are black and have tails. The margin is ridged. At the margin there is a chain of dark-red spots. In the middle of wing there is a white area, which is divided by black veins.
The underside is a copy of upside, but red spots are brighter than upside.

The body is black, but the opisthosoma is reddish.

Sex differences: The male is smaller than female and has no white on wings. Furthermore it has no red spots on upside of hind wings.


The Common Rose (Pachliopta aristolochiae) is a butterfly of the Palaearctic ecozone (Asia) and Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The distribution enfolded Java, Celebes, Philippines and extend from Vietnam to India and the East of China.

This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food


General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1775 by Fabricius. There are many subspecies.

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the male of Common Rose (Pachliopta aristolochiae).

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer, Butterflyhous, Vienna

Here you can see another exemplar of Pachliopta aristolochiae (male).

Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Pachliopta polydorus Linnaeus 1763

Scientific name

Pachliopta aristolochiae Fabricius 1775
(in some publications Atrophaneura aristolochiae)


 Common Rose
 Gewöhnliche Rose

Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: PACHLIOPTA)...   




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Back to family Papilionidae from AUSTRALASIA / INDOMALAYA (AUSTRALIA)


Apatura iris
Inachis io
Nymphalis antiopa
Apatura iris
Vanessa atalanta
Papilio machaon
Pierides sp.
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