Papilio androgeus (Androgeus Swallowtail)
Papilio androgeus, also called Androgeus Swallowtail is a . The first description was in 1775 by Cramer. The wingspan is about 11 – 12 cm. Papilio androgeus is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is dark brown. Broad yellow bands dominate the wings. The hind wings have tails.
Photos for easy identification
The forewings are dark brown. A broad yellow band dominates the wing.
The underside of Papilio androgeus is very similar to the upside. But, at the front edge there are some additional yellow tripes.
The hind wings of Papilio androgeus are dark brown and they have tails. The edge is wavy. Next to the body there is a large yellow area. At the outer edge there is a chain of little yellow spots.
The underside is yellow. The outer edge is dark brown and contains chains of red, white and yellow spots.
The body (abdomen) is yellow and has a black stripe. The thorax is black. The head is black and has yellow spots. The underside of all parts is yellow.
Sex differences: The female is very variable. It has no yellow spots, bands or areas. The hind wings have usually blue areas.
Papilio androgeus is a butterfly from the Neotropic (South America) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from USA (Florida) and Mexico until Brazil and Argentina.
- Choisya dumosa
- Citrus aurantium
- Citrus reticulata
- Citrus sinensis
- Zanthoxylum americanum
- Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
- Zanthoxylum elephantiasis
- Zanthoxylum fagara
- Zanthoxylum setulosum
The first description of this butterfly was in 1775 by Cramer. There are two subspecies.
The female is very shy, but it is easy to observe a male.
Here you can see the subspecies Papilio androgeus epidaurus (male left/ female right). The wingspan is about 12 - 13 cm.
Here you can see the subspecies Papilio androgeus laodocus (male left/ female right). The wingspan is about 11 - 12 cm.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio androgeus Cramer 1775
Androgeus Swallowtail, Queen Swallowtail
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: ANDROGEUS