Papilio ascalaphus (Sulawesi Blue Mormon)
Papilio ascalaphus, also called Sulawesi Blue Mormon is a butterfly from . The first description was in 1836 by Boisduval. The wingspan is about 14 – 16 cm. Papilio ascalaphus is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is black with blue areas. The hind wings have tails.
Photos for easy classification and identification
The fore wings are black. At the outer edge there are many yellowish-brown stripes.
The underside of Papilio ascalaphus is very similar to the upside. But,the basic colour is dark-brown.
The hind wings of Papilio ascalaphus are black and they have tails. The edge is wavy. At the outer edge there is a large, blue band with black veins and stripes.
The underside is black. At the outer edge there is a chain of orange or red spots. In the middle of the wing there is a blue band with black stripes.
The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax is black. The head is black. The underside of all parts is black.
Sex differences: The femals are polymorphic with three main forms. The basic colour of the female (see above) is brown. The fore wings are dominated by many white stripes. In the middle of the hind wings there is a white area with dark veins. At the outer edge there is a chain of orange or red spots. The hind wings have tails.
Papilio ascalaphus is a butterfly of the Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The area of distribution of this butterfly is restricted to less islands (Sulawesi, Sula, Selayar, Buton, Banggai and Muna).
The first description of this butterfly was in 1836 by Boisduval. There are three subspecies.
- Papilio ascalaphus ascalon [Staudinger]
- Papilio ascalaphus fukuyamai [Detani, 1983]
- Papilio ascalaphus munascalaphus [Hachitani, 1988]
The females are polymorphic.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio ascalaphus Boisduval 1836
Sulawesi Blue Mormon, Ascalaphus Swallowtail
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: ASCALAPHUS