Papilio astyalus (Broad-banded Swallowtail)
Papilio astyalus, also called Broad-banded Swallowtail is a . The first description was in 1819 by Godart. The wingspan is about 8– 10 cm. Papilio astyalus is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is dark brown. Yellow bands and spots dominate the wings. The hind wings have tails.
Photos for easy identification
The forewings are dark brown. A broad, yellow band dominates the wing. At the outer edge there is a chain of yellow spots.
The underside of Papilio astyalus is very similar to the upside.
The hind wings of Papilio astyalus are dark brown and they have tails. The edge is wavy. Next to the body there is a large, yellow area. At the outer edge there is a chain of yellow spots. At the inner edge there is a blue-black-red eye-spot.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, in the middle of the wing there are a chain of blue spots and a chain of red spots.
The body (abdomen) is yellow with black stripes. The thorax is black. The head is black. The underside of all parts is yellow.
Sex differences: The female has no yellow bands on the wings. But, the upside of hind wings have additional spots.
Papilio astyalus is a butterfly from the Neotropic (South America) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Mexico until Argentina.
- Balfourodendron riedelianum
- Citrus aurantium
- Citrus limon
- Citrus reticulata
- Citrus sinensis
- Ruta graveolens
- Zanthoxylum fagara
- Zanthoxylum rhoifolium
The first description of this butterfly was in 1819 by Godart. There are five subspecies.
- Papilio astyalus anchicayaensis [Constantino, Le Crom & Salazar, 2002]
- Papilio astyalus bajaensis [Brown & Faulkner, 1992]
- Papilio astyalus hippomedon [C. & R. Felder, 1859]
- Papilio astyalus pallas [Gray, 1853]
- Papilio astyalus phanias [Rothschild & Jordan, 1906]
Here you can see the subspecies Papilio astyalus hippomedon (male left/ female right). The wingspan is about 11 - 12 cm.
Here you can see the subspecies Papilio astyalus phanias (male left/ female right). The wingspan is about 11 - 12 cm.
Here you can see the dark form of Papilio astyalus (male left/ female right). The wingspan is about 10 - 11 cm.
Here you can see another females of Papilio astyalus. The wingspan is about 12 cm.
Here you can see some macro photos of Papilio astyalus.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio astyalus Godart 1819
Broad-banded Swallotail, Astyalus Swallowtail
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: ASTYALUS