Papilio constantinus (Constantine´s Swallowtail)
Papilio constantinus, also called Constantine´s Swallowtail is a butterfly from . The first description was in 1871 by Ward. The wingspan is about 8 – 9 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of Papilio constantinus is darkbrown or black. Yellow spots and bands dominate the wings.
Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are darkbrown or black. At the outer edge and in the middle of the wing there is a chain of yellow spots. At the front edge there are some yellow spots.
The underside of Papilio constantinus is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is brown. At the front edge there are additional, yellow stripes.
The hind wings of Papilio constantinus are darkbrown or black and they have tails. The tails have two yellow spots. The edge is wavy. Next to the body there is a broad, yellow band. At the outer edge there is a chain of little, yellow spots.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is brown. The veins are darkbrown.
The body (abdomen) is darkbrown. The thorax and the head are darkbrown. The underside of all parts is darkbrown-yellow-striped.
Sex differences: The basic colour of the female is brown.
Papilio constantinus is a butterfly from the Afrotropic (Africa) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Congo until Zambia and Tanzania.
The first description of this butterfly was in 1871 by Ward. There are two subspecies.
- Papilio constantinus lecerfi [Koçak, 1996]
- Papilio constantinus mweruanus [Joicey & Talbot, 1927]
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-no entry- (as at 23.06.2005)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
-no entry- (as at 19.08.2005)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-no entry- (as at 2004) (see: www.redlist.org/)
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio constantinus Ward 1871
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: CONSTANTINUS