Papilio hesperus (Emperor Swallowtail)
Papilio hesperus, also called Emperor Swallowtail is a butterfly from . The first description was in 1843 by Westwood. The wingspan is about 12 – 13 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of Papilio hesperus is black. Big, yellow spots dominate the wings.
Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are black. Some big, yellow spots dominate the wing.
The underside of Papilio hesperus is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour of the wing tip is brown.
The hind wings of Papilio hesperus are black and they have tails. The edge is wavy. Next to the body there is a yellow band. At the outer edge there is a chain of yellow spots.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is brown. The yellow spots at the edge of the wing and the band are darker than on the upside.
The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax and the head are black. The underside of all parts is brown.
Sex differences: ---
Papilio hesperus is a butterfly from the Afrotropic (Africa) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Nigeria until Zambia and Tanzania.
- Beilschmiedia ugandensis
- Beilschmiedia sp.
The first description of this butterfly was in 1843 by Westwood. There are two subspecies.
- Papilio hesperus feae [Storace, 1963]
- Papilio hesperus sudana [Gabriel, 1945]
There are many forms.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-no entry- (as at 23.06.2005)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
-no entry- (as at 19.08.2005)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-no entry- (as at 2004) (see: www.redlist.org/)
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio hesperus Westwood 1843
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: HESPERUS