Papilio karna (Jungle Jade, Dschungeljade)
Papilio karna, also called Jungle Jade is a fantastic butterfly from . The first description was in 1865 by C. & R. Felder. The wingspan is about 10.0 – 13.0 cm. The Jungle Jade is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The butterfly is black with an all-dominat green area on the wing. Hind wings have tails. This butterfly is very similar to Papilio paris.
Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are black. The whole wing is powdered by green scales.
The underside is brown. Next to the margin there is a broad whitish area with brown veins or horizontal stripes.
The hind wings are black and have broad tails. The margin is ridged. The whole wing is powdered by green scales. In the middle of wing there is a very broad turquoise area. Next to the margin there are three little green spots. In back there is a pink, red and black eye, with green eye shadow.
The underside is brown. The bigger part of wing is powdered by white scales. Next to the margin there is a chain of orange and blue spots. In back there is an orange and black eye.
The body is black or dark brown. Furthermore the upside is powdered by green scales.
Sex differences: None.
The first description of this butterfly was in 1865 by C. & R Felder. There are some subspecies.
- Papilio karna carnatus [Rothschild, 1895] from Borneo
- Papilio karna discordia [de Nicéville] from Sumatra
- Papilio karna irauana [Jumalon] from Palawan
- Papilio karna karna from Java
The flight period is from March to April.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-no entry- (as at 14.06.2006)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
-no entry- (as at 19.08.2005)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-no entry- (as at 2004) (see: www. redlist.org/)
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio paris [Linnaeus, 1758] (Paris Peacock, Voilier lustré, Pariser Pfau)
Papilio karna C. & R. Felder 1865
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: KARNA