Papilio palamedes (Laurel Swallowtail)
Papilio palamedes, also called Laurel Swallowtail is a . The first description was in 1773 by Drury. The wingspan is about 9 – 11 cm. Papilio palamedes is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is dark brown or black. Yellow bands and spots dominate the wings. The hind wings have tails.
Photos for easy identification
The forewings are dark brown or black. At the outer edge there are two chains of yellowish spots.
The underside of Papilio palamedes is very similar to the upside. But, there is an additional yellow spot.
The hind wings of Papilio palamedes are dark brown or black and they have tails. The edge is wavy. A yellow band dominates the wing. At the outer edge there is a chain of yellow spots. At the inner edge there is a blue-black-red eye spot.
The underside is brown. Two chains of orange spots dominate the wing. Between these two chains there is a chain of blue spots. Next to the body there is a yellow stripe.
The body (abdomen) is brown. The thorax and the head are brown and they have two yellow stripes. The underside of all parts is brown and has yellow stripes.
Sex differences: None.
Papilio palamedes is a butterfly from the Neotropic ecozone (South America). The area of distribution of this butterfly stretches from USA (Florida, Texas) to Mexico.
- Cinnamomum camphora
- Lindera benzoin
- Lindera melissifolia
- Persea americana
- Persea borbonia
- Persea palustris
- Sassafras albidum
- Magnolia acuminata
- Magnolia virginiana
The first description of this butterfly was in 1773 by Drury. There is only one subspecies.
Papilio palamedes is a wanderer. The flight period is from March to December. This butterfly fly in humid woods and marshes.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio palamedes Drury 1773
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: PALAMEDES