Papilio pelaus (Pelaus Swallowtail)
Papilio pelaus, also called Pelaus Swallowtail is a . The first description was in 1775 by Fabricius. The wingspan is about 8 – 10 cm. Papilio pelaus is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is dark brown or black. White bands and red spots dominate the wings. The hind wings have tails.
Photos for easy identification
The forewings are dark brown or black. A thin white band dominates the wing.
The underside of Papilio pelaus is very similar to the upside.
The hind wings of Papilio pelaus are dark brown or black and they have tails. The edge is wavy. At the outer edge there is a chain of little, white spots and a chain of red spots.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, there is an additional chain of white spots. The red spots are bigger.
The body (abdomen) is dark brown. The thorax is dark brown. The head is dark brown. The underside of all parts is dark brown. The underside of the thorax has red spots.
Sex differences: ---
Papilio pelaus is a butterfly from the Neotropic ecozone (South America). The area of distribution of this butterfly stretches from the South of Mexico to Panama.
- Citrus sp.
- Zanthoxylum martinicense
The first description of this butterfly was in 1775 by Fabricius. There are three subspecies.
- Papilio pelaus atkinsi [Bates]
- Papilio pelaus imerius [Godart, 1819]
- Papilio pelaus puertoricoensis [Möhn, 1999]
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio pelaus Fabricius 1775
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: PELAUS