Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are black. A green area dominates the wing. The wing tip is dark-brown.
The underside of Parides lysander is dark-brown or black. Three tiny, yellowish spots dominate the wing.
The hind wings of Parides lysander are black. The edge is very wavy. In the middle of the wing there are four red spots.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, there is an additional spot.
The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax is black. The head is black. The underside of all parts is black and it has red spots.
Sex differences: The basic colour of the female is brown. The hind wings (upside and underside) have a chain of large, red spots.
Parides lysander is a butterfly from the Neotropic (South America) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Brazil until Venezuela, Colombia and Peru.
- Aristolochia elegans
- Aristolochia huberiana
- Aristolochia leuconeura
- Aristolochia ruiziana
- Aristolochia sprucei
- Citrus sp.
The first description of this butterfly was in 1775 by Cramer. There are five subspecies.
Here you can see the subspecies Parides lysander brissonius (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 9 - 10 cm.
Here you can see the subspecies Parides lysander mattogrossensis (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 8 - 9 cm.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Parides lysander Cramer 1775
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: TROIDINI
- Subtribe: TROIDINA
- Genus: PARIDES
- Specific name: LYSANDER